Demand Response in Blocks of Buildings: opportunities and requirements
Tracey Crosbie, Teesside University, UK
Tracey has been researching issues associated with energy consumption in built environment and ways of informing its reduction for more than fif-teen years. She is a trans disciplinary academic with degrees in the social and technical sci-ences. Her main research interests involve the development of socio-technical approaches to applying ICTs to urban sustainability and the development of business models to exploit those ICTs. She has a wide experience of research within the Utilities industry and managing EU projects and work packages. She led a work package related to business models in the recent-ly completed IDEAS FP7 project and is currently leading dissemination in an ongoing H2020 project DRBOB.
Michael Short, Teesside University, UK- a senior lecturer in electronics and control, is the technical coordinator of the DR_BOB H2020 Innovation project. He is a full member of the In-stitute of Engineering and Technology (MIET), a member of the International Association of Engineers (IAENG) and a member of the Fault tolerant and Dependable Systems (FTDS) sub-committee of the IEEE Industrial Electronics society. He holds a BEng degree in electronic and electrical engineering and a PhD degree awarded following research into algorithms and archi-tectures for distributed real-time control.
Muneeb Dawood, Teesside University, UK- is a Research Assistant at Technology Futures Institute, TU. He has a PhD degree in Communication (Electrical) Engineering and an MSc de-gree in Telecommunications and Computer Networks Engineering, both from UK. His experi-ence and research interests include modelling and simulation of renewable energy resources, real-time communication protocols for wired and wireless networks, error-resilience techniques for real-time communication, monitoring protocols and communication infrastructure for smart grid and visualization of scientific data.
Richard Charlesworth, Siemens Plc, UK- is a Solution Architect for Siemens and has over 20 years of experience in IT in a variety of roles from developer to Lead Technical Archi-tect. He has over 15 years proven track record in utilities and metering systems of all sizes. Richard was responsible for key stages of the technical bid, specification, design and delivery of the Manchester Triangulum project, and otherwise has consulted on Smart Metering, De-mand Response and eCar across UK and Europe. He was Lead Author on the Low Carbon London “Report 10 – Opportunities for smart optimization of new heat and transport loads.” He is also leads a technical work package in the DR_BOB H2020 project.
Identification of the present and expected future opportunities for DR programs for small and medium scale customers and the suitability and opportunities for DR in blocks of buildings in the EU with a particular focus on the UK, Romanian, Italian and French elec-tricity sectors.
Increased Demand Response (DR) is essential to fully exploit European power systems, which in turn is an absolute prerequisite for meeting European targets related to energy efficiency and climate change. Essentially DR involves consumers reducing or shifting their electricity usage during periods of peak electricity demand in response to time-based tariffs or other forms of financial incentives.
The opportunities for realising de-mand response vary across Europe as they are dependent on the particular regulatory, market and technical contexts in different European counties. Nevertheless successful DR programs are becoming increasingly common for large industrial customers. Howev-er DR programs aimed at small and medium scale customers have mostly failed to meet their expected potential.
Blocks of buildings offer more flexibility in the timing of energy use, local energy generation and energy storage than single buildings and as such re-searchers and the energy industry are beginning to consider how blocks of buildings can operate collectively within energy networks to enhance the effectiveness of DR pro-grams. This paper identifies the present and expected future opportunities for DR pro-grams and the suitability and opportunities for DR in blocks of buildings with a particular focus on the UK, Romanian, Italian and French electricity sectors. The work presented is part of an ongoing European Horizon 2020 project entitled Demand Response in Blocks of Buildings.
UK Pilot ¦ French Pilot ¦ Italian Pilot ¦ Romanian Pilot