iURBAN – Energy balancing across cities: Virtual Power Plant prototype and iURBAN case studies
Michael Oates, IES Ltd UK—Michael Oates PhD, is technical analyst on commercial, and research and development (R&D) projects. Working for IES for over 3 years Michael has been technical lead /analyst on 6 European projects, FP7, H2020, and Marie Curie etc., http://www.iesve.com/research. Research project topic areas included glazing (electrochromic glazing), retrofit technologies, manufacturing, city modelling, and applica-tion development including gamification.
Aidan Melia, IES Ltd UK—Aidan Melia is a project manager working on commercial and re-search and development (R&D) projects. Working for IES for over 3 years Aidan has managed 3 European projects, such as FP7 and H2020. These focus on the areas of smart cities and ICT developments, as well as more recently focusing on areas such as gamification. He has studied in a number of countries such as Ireland, the US, Spain and Germany.” “Dr Ruth Kerrigan email@example.com, Director of Research Develop-ment
Ruth Kerrigan IES Ltd UK—is Director of Research and Development. Ruth is a chartered engineer with both industrial and academic experience with respect to research projects. Ruth is responsible for the R & D department within IES and as such with respect to achieving IES’s vision for sustainable communities and developing new products for new markets to reach this goal. She has vast experience with the coordination of public fund-ed research projects with multiple consortium partners. ” “
Dr Valeria Ferrando IES Ltd UK—Valeria Ferrando PhD, is EU Head of Research. In 2013 Valeria joined the Research and Development (R&D) division of IES Ltd where she deals with EU funded research, managing projects ensuring that they lead to marketable prod-ucts for the company and finding new funding opportunities and research grants at Euro-pean level to support IES R&D, setting up partnerships and writing proposals.”
“In the context of this work the VPP is considered a high level design tool, modelling city level, or user defined and selected levels such as district, neighbourhood, low voltage elec-tricity network, district heating network etc. from load aggregation of near real-time metered energy demand and generation data at building/apartment levels. Target users, city plan-ners and utility companies, will be able to use the VPP to gain an understanding of energy demand/generation at user defined and selected levels of interest ranging from high level city planning to the selection of individual buildings or user defined energy networks and so on. ‘What-if’ scenarios aid in future development and planning of cities.
This paper summarises Virtual Power Plant (VPP) development within the European Seventh Framework Programme (FP7) project Intelligent URBAn eNergy tool (iUrban).
In the context of this work the VPP is considered a high level design tool based upon load aggregation of near real-time metered energy demand and generation data at building/apartment levels. Selected data is aggregated up to city level, or user defined and select-ed levels such as district, neighbourhood, low voltage electricity network, district heating network etc. Two types of analysis are performed by the VPP: ‘as is’ model(s), represent-ing the structures and consumption patterns currently in place (the status quo), and ‘what if’ (variant) model(s), representing possible alternatives such as adding photovoltaics (PV) at building and/or distribution levels. Target users, city planners and utility companies, will be able to use the VPP to gain an understanding of energy demand/generation at user defined and selected levels of interest ranging from high level city planning to the selec-tion of individual buildings or user defined energy networks and so on. ‘What-if’ scenarios aid in future development and planning of cities. The paper outlines VPP case studies from the iUrban project.
The iURBAN tool will address increasing market demands for cheaper, cleaner energy services. It is being designed with the direct involvement of end users – local residents, energy companies and public administration.
Vitrociset S.p.A (Italy)
VITROCISET designs, implements, integrates and manages electronic and IT systems in civil and military sectors for private businesses, public authorities, governmental agencies and international organizations. The company’s main fields of activity encompass Defence systems, ATC systems, Satellite Technologies, Telecommunications, Transport and Info-mobility, ICT and Environmental Systems. Vitrociset provides high added-value services all year round, 24 hours a day.
VITROCISET plays a key role in the Research, Technology and Innovation, and it is a winner competitor in the R&T competitive calls issued by National and EU/NATO organizations, operating in an excellent R&T European network composed by universities, research centres, SMEs and big companies.
VITROCISET is also involved in the current Italian Research & Technology Platforms for defining the Strategic Research Agenda, as well as in the Industrial Advisor Study Group funded by NATO RTO.
IES are developers of the world’s leading integrated building performance modelling software system the <Virtual Environment>. As such IES have unsurpassed experience in the application of these advanced design tools to enhance building performance, and create more sustainable buildings. Founded in 1994, employing over 100 staff, and headquartered in Glasgow Scotland, IES also has offices in London England, Dublin Ireland, Cambridge MA, San Francisco CA, Melbourne Australia, Pune India and Penang Malaysia. In this time IES has provided leading edge support to the design, construction and operation of some of the largest and most challenging buildings in the world.
The IES <Virtual Environment> is a suite of building performance modelling tools based around a single integrated data model. The purpose of the system is to provide the high quality information required to design, build and operate better performing, more sustainable communities. It can be applied from the earliest stages of the design or through operational stages. The <Virtual Environment> is used today by many of the world’s leading architectural and engineering practices and in recent years has been proliferating at a very rapid rate due to the unique ability to improve decision making and workflow.
Universität Freiburg (Germany)
The Institute of Computer Science and Social Studies (ALU-FR) at the University of Freiburg links computer science to economic sciences and has a strong background in the area of smart grid business models, energy informatics as well as the impact of data privacy on business models. ALU-FR is well connected to the energy informatics community, the security community and the EU-funded energy projects as well as the national program ‘‘E-energy – smart grids made in Germany”. The ALU-FR has contributed to the German regulation on E-Commerce and Digital Signatures by its concept of security protection goals. The concept of multi-lateral security and the protection goals have become an ISO standard. In energy informatics, especially for decentralized microgrid-micromarket concept, Freiburg is instrumental in the design of an energy institute and curriculum of energy management for a consortium of German energy companies.
Fraunhofer ISE (Germany)
The Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE is a member of the Fraunhofer Society for Applied Research. Fraunhofer Society, one of Europe’s leading research organisations, conducts contract research for the private sector as well as for the service and the public sector in an international context. With a staff of approximately 1100, Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE (Fraunhofer) is the largest solar energy research institute in Europe. The work at the Institute ranges from the investigation of scientific and technological fundamentals for solar energy applications, through the development of production technology and prototypes, to the construction of demonstration systems. Generation of new knowledge is all over the world closely interwoven with economic, cultural, social and political frameworks. The department »Smart Grids« is an interdisciplinary group of technical, social and economic experts which is involved in numerous research projects i.e. in the topics innovative energy supply systems, „smart grid“ and „smart metering“-technologies, multi-utility energy supply as well as electromobility. In the Department the Team “User Behaviour and field trials” provide competences from behavioural sciences for development and implementation of innovative energy supply concepts and energy efficiency. As well as the analysis of user behaviour, design of the relationship between utility and customer and social influence factors on energy consumption, social-empirical research in the area of Smart Metering, intelligent control systems in households (Smart Home) and innovative tariff systems.
Energy Agency of Plovdiv (Bulgaria)
Energy Agency of Plovdiv (EAP) is an expert organization promoting efficient and sustainable use of energy and renewable energy in order to achieve energy independence and competitive prices in the Plovdiv area. EAP’s expertise covers consultancy for improving local energy systems (for local authorities, private companies and citizens), policy advice, project management, as well as energy performance contracting implementation. It carries out feasibility studies, energy analyses, energy projects identification, development and management. EAP is the first energy management agency established in Bulgaria under the SAVE II program of the European Commission (EC) in 2000. EAP is a member of Federation of European Regional Energy and Environment Agencies (FEDARENE), and is a founder of the Association of Energy Agencies in Bulgaria (ABEA). EAP has developed and managed more than 35 RES and EE energy projects together with national and international partners.
EVN Bulgaria Toplofikatsia EAD (Bulgaria)
“EVN Bulgaria Toplofikatsia” EAD” /ЕVN TP/ is 100 % owned by EVN AG and is part of EVN Bulgaria Group.
EVN AG is a leading Austrian company with headquarters in the largest federal province of Austria – Lower Austria. EVN AG is a dynamic company listed on the Vienna Stock Exchange, with the strong position on the European energy markets. EVN Bulgaria was established after the privatization of energy companies in early 2005 and initially covers business activities in the distribution and sale of electricity energy in southeastern Bulgaria.
“EVN Bulgaria Toplofikatsia” EAD” has the following spectrum of activities: Generation of heat, heat transfer, co-generation of heat and electricity, maintenance and operation of low pressure gas pipelines and other activities, related to the major ones.
As a supplier of heat and electricity from high efficiency co-generation production, energy and environmental services, EVN TP is a reliable partner that meets the daily needs of its clients based on the implementation of best manufacturing techniques and standards of service, contributing to the sustainable growth of the region. “EVN Bulgaria Toplofikatsia” EAD” supplies heat to over 35 000 clients in Plovdiv and Asenovgrad.
In 2011, a new co-generation plant was built, producing jointly electricity and heat. The facility has electric power of 49,9 MW and heat power of 54 MW. Cogeneration of electricity and heat has proven benefits. In combination with current best available techniques it is the most effective and environmentally friendly method. The environmental performance of the new power plant was confirmed by the positive evaluation of the project’s environmental impact. With this investment, “EVN Bulgaria Toplofikatsia” EAD contributed to the improvement of the economic infrastructure of Bulgaria, making Plovdiv the centre of modern energy production. The implementation of the Cogeneration Project Plovdiv will contribute to the greater security of heat supply to citizens because of the new best available and effective techniques.
Grad Rijeka (Croatia)
With a population of approximately 144,000, The City of Rijeka is the second largest city in Croatia. It is the most important Croatian harbour and is an industrial, administrative, cultural and university centre of the Region. Over the last decade, the city has merged activities and applies a more responsible administration approach to urban development projects, particularly with regard to the plans for switching over to renewable energy sources in public transportation, energy efficiency growth in the field of construction works as well as in information management and as regards the indicators of energy efficiency measures after the provision of new ICT infrastructure. The city has realized a number of actions in accordance with the Future Internet 2020 vision and the present Energy Efficiency Directive, signing the Green Digital Charter and the Covenant of Mayors. Additionally, Rijeka is benefiting from the introduction of Croatian Codex in consultation processes with the public and EU Smart Regulation, and adjusting accordingly in order to achieve open access to the administration and ensure the rights of the citizens to participate in decision making processes.
Energo d.o.o. (Croatia)
Energo Ltd., Rijeka, Croatia, is a utility company that deals with gas distribution, distribution of heating energy and public lighting as core businesses. The company also develops a wide range of other utility and engineering activities and the Automation/IT department offers the services of data acquisition, remote control and GIS on the Croatian market. Since thirty-four percent of the company is owned by Italian utility company Amga. Know-how coming from Italy combined with domestic knowledge and experience has resulted in Energo’s leading position among similar Croatian companies. Smart metering and similar technologies are in company’s scope for several years.
Energo Ltd. has future plans to provide new services to his clients, such as: selling electricity, providing smart-metering services, and so on. One of the goals is to continue helping the city of Rijeka to reach its CO2 reduction goal defined in its SEAP.