EPNs for DEG
“Energy positive neighbourhoods: part of the solution to integratingdistributed electricity generation into current electricity networks” (Tracey Crosbie, TEESSIDE UNIV)
Identification of the impact of current electricitydistribution tariffs on the potential of opti-mising local renewableelectricity production and consumption to contribute to the integra-tion ofdistributed renewable energy sources into current electricity networks.
European governments aim to meet ambi-tious CO2 reduction targets by applying fi-nancial instruments and other polices to en-courage Distributed Renewable Energy (DREG). However, moving from large scale centralised controllable energy generation, which is largely fossil-fuelled, to small scale intermittent DREG is problematic for exist-ing energy networks. Particularly in the electricity industry where the need to match electricity supply with demand to balance network load is acute. An approach which could contribute to resolving the integration of DREG into current electricity networks lies in the concept of an energy positive neighbourhood (EPN): in which the optimisation of local energy supply and demand contributes to the efficient operation and security of the wider energy networks.
The de-velopment of EPNs is dependent on the possibilities provided by energy arbitrage and the efficiency gains that can be obtained through optimising the production, storage/retrieval, and sale of DREG at the neighbourhood scale. Current predomi-nantly volumetric distribution network charg-es are designed to support traditional na-tional network systems operation and repre-sent a barrier to the development of EPNs. The research presented, involves a detailed computational experiment which explores the possibilities of the optimisation of ener-gy supply and demand at the neighbourhood scale combined with differentiated lo-cal and national distribution network charges to support the local consumption of DREG. The findings show that a simple two-tiered distribution could encourage the use of local generation, and reduce the net amount of electricity handled wholesale and requiring transportation over transmission and distribution networks by up to 50%.
Tracey Crosbie, Teesside University, UK
Dr Tracey Crosbie (F) has been researching issues associated with energy consumption in built environment and ways of informing its reduction for more than fifteen years. She is a trans disciplinary academic with degrees in the social and technical sciences. Her main re-search interests involve the development of socio-technical approaches to applying ICTs to urban sustainability and the development of business models to exploit those ICTs. She has a wide experience of research within the Utilities industry and managing EU projects and work packages. She led a work package related to business models in the recently complet-ed IDEAS FP7 project and is currently leading dissemination in an ongoing H2020 project DRBOB.
Michael Short, Teesside University, UK
Dr Michael Short, Teesside University, UK
Dr Michael Short is a senior lecturer in electronics and control, is the technical coordinator of the DR_BOB H2020 Innovation project. He is a full member of the Institute of Engineering and Technology (MIET), a member of the International Association of Engineers (IAENG) and a member of the Fault tolerant and Dependable Systems (FTDS) sub-committee of the IEEE Industrial Electronics society. He holds a BEng degree in electronic and electrical engi-neering and a PhD degree awarded following research into algorithms and architectures for distributed real-time control. He has more than eight years’ experience of research at post-doctoral level, and has authored/ co-authored over 60 reviewed publications in the area of advanced control, optimization and real-time systems, and has also recently won an IEEE award for his contributions to factory communications and industrial informatics. He was the PC chair/organizer of the 2011 International Workshop on Real-Time Computer Net-works, is a PC member of the IEEE ETFA Factory Communications Conferences, and is in-volved as PC member for several other international conferences including the IEEE Real-Time Systems Symposium and IFAC Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics. He is named as primary inventor on a patent related to control and communications (currently pending).