WS-2: BIM-BASED DESIGN
ICT TOOLS FOR BUILDING SIMULATION & ASSESSMENT OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE BUILDINGS”
HOLISTEEC, Design4Energy, STREAMER, and eeEmbedded
Design4Energy: Building life-cycle evolutionary Design methodology able to create Energy-efficient Build-ings flexibly connected with the neighborhood energy sys-tem” [www.?.eu]”
eeEmbedded: Collaborative Ho-listic Design & Methodology for En-ergy-efficient Embedded Buildings [www.eeembedded.eu]
HOLISTEEC: Holistic and Opti-mized Life-cycle Integrated Support for Energy-Efficient building design and Construc-tion” [www.holisteecproject.eu]
STREAMER: European Research on Energy-Efficient Healthcare Dis-tricts [www.streamer-project.eu]”
The “BIM-BASED DESIGN” workshop at SP’16 will addressed tools for BIM collaborative design, and KPIs definition for EeB and smart cities. Specifically, the following topics will be addressed:
•Collaborative and integrated approach in order to involve in the decision-making process all the strategic stakeholders, increasing the harmonization among the design of the different building design components
•BIM (Building Information Model) use since the early design stagesas a common basis on which rely on in order not to miss or duplicate information over the whole project imple-mentation
•A performance-based approach so that to emphasize the setting of project targets as functional targets of end product (building) and evaluate the fulfillment of these targets during design, construction and operation.
This approach is based on the definition of a performance evaluation framework in terms of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs).
The workshop targets stakeholders involved in the activities related with building design pro-cesses: Building owners, Construction managers, Architects, Engineers and Contractors, Facility managers and building permitting authorities.
Attendees will be able to get current information on:
•The latest developments of best practices in building design methodology.
•The latest advancements in software and tools development for building design processes.
•Few examples from demonstration activities of tools developed within EC flagship projects for the building domain, in relation with communication management issues for the BIM pro-cesses and in KPI management for a performance based evaluation of building design mod-els.
Session 1 (10.30 – 12) : “Methodologies and KPIs for performance-based design” (1h 30m)
•HOLISTEEC – Project and focus, methodology features and KPI definition (20 mins)
workflow to collaboratively design and construct building (Davide Mazza )
KPI-based design: definition, computation and management (Dirk Van Maercke)
•STREAMER – A methodology for hospitals application (20 mins) ◦
Presentation of the design methodology adopted in STREAMER (Freek Bomhof)
KPI management in the STREAMER project (André van Delft )
•eeEmbedded – Project and focus, methodology features and KPI definition (20 mins)
Collaborative design methodology and KPI definition (Romy Guruz )
Interoperability and interlinking among design models (Mathias Kadolsky )
•Design4Energy – Design methodology for creating energy-efficient buildings (20 mins)
Overview of the workflow and the underlying methodology ( May Bassanino / Terrence Fernando)
Session 2 (14 – 15.30) : “Tools for performance-based design” (1h 30m)
•HOLISTEEC – The HOLISTEEC design platform ( Asier Mediavilla ) (20 mins)
•STREAMER – The tools for hospital performance-based design (20 mins)
Tools developed for STREAMER project to support design flow ( Marc Bourdeau )
•eeEmbedded – eeBIM Lab and Collaborative Design Platform ( Raimar Scherer ) (20 mins)
Workshop co-chair: Design4Energy
“If we want to create long term energy efficient building we must not only consider the present building life cycle scenario but also VISUALIZE THE FUTURE”. Visualizing the future will help us to design energy efficient building not only for the present but also for the future, ensuring an Energy Efficient Life Cycle of the building. Design4energy project will take this into consideration and will develop tools and methodologies that can help designing energy efficient buildings that can consider both short term performance as well as future scenarios, considering important factors such as deterioration curves, technolo-gy evolution, climate change effect, users, energy neighborhood configuration, continu-ous commissioning alternatives while evaluating their impact in the Building Life Energy Performance.
The continuous commissioning will include strategies as preventive mainte-nance, renovation of energy systems technologies (HVAC, RES) etc, including deep ret-rofitting strategies.
The proposed methodology will be based on a sophisticated technology platform that will make use of energy attributes of building components, deterioration of building compo-nents and systems, neighborhood energy systems, energy related parameters, energy simulation tools and current usage parameters of the tenants, derived from maintenance and operation data. The technology platform developed within the Design4energy project will allow the stakeholders to explore various design options and make validated and qualified choices as early as possible.
Mapping of the building design solutions that increase energy efficiency in building, maximizing the use of local energy matrix. The Design4Energy platform will work with current building context and he will allow the creation of evolutionary scenarios in adjacent energy systems.The Design4Energy platform will allow the creation of evolutionary scenarios that take into account the technological evolution of building materials, components and energy systems and the future user behavior changes. Creation of Dynamic Energy Efficient orient-ed Building Design and Information Plat-form (DEEBDIP) that enable a holistic approach to the energy management in buildings from the initial sketch of the building until the end of its service life, including operation, maintenance and commissioning strategies.
Development of a decision support tool that will suggest the most accurate design op-tions to increase the building energy efficiency. Creation of a virtual workspace that will al-low the actors to interact with the buildings and explore “what-if” scenarios to create energy efficient buildings.Development of a complete interoperable data exchange protocol among design platform, the energy model module, the monitoring and control system, the meter-ing and the energy benchmarking module and the energy management system.To validate the Design4Energy method-ology including DEEBDIP in three demonstration buildings with different use and different climate conditions, in order to demonstrate the adaptability and replicability of the new methodology.
Design4Energy project aim to develop an innovative Integrated Evolutionary Design Methodology that can allow the stakehold-ers to predict the current and future energy efficiency of buildings (both at individual level and neighbourhood level) and make bet-ter informed decision in optimising the ener-gy performance at building life cycle level, including operation and maintenance. Develop Information platform to connect De-sign process with neighborhoods and grids configuration, predicting relevant infor-mation for energy matching and perfor-mance optimization.
Workshop co-chair: eeEmbedded: “Collaborative Holistic Design Labor-atory and Methodology for Energy-Efficient Embed-ded Buildings” [www.eeembedded.eu]
Embedded project is part of the 7th framework program, with a duration time of 4 years. It started on 1. October 2013 and has a budget of nearly 11 M€. A test period of 12 project months, overlapping the first 42 development months of the project, will provide a real pre-market validation of the system on two existing embedded buildings of different types, for in-stance residential, office or hospital buildings. The development work will be soundly based on 2 business models – the business model of the owners and hence the equipment provid-ers and the business model of construction and design companies, and on a set of ISO and industry standard data structures and specifications such as IFC, STEP, CityGML and OWL.
A new ontology-based Link Model will provide the bridge between the multiple physical and mathematical models involved in the eeBuilding domain warranting the desired data and ser-vices interoperability.
Intended eEmbedded Outcomes
eEmbedded will develop an open BIM-based holistic collaborative design and simulation plat-form, a related holistic design methodology, an energy system information model and an inte-grated information management framework for designing energy-efficient buildings and their op-timal energetic embedding in the neighbourhood of surrounding buildings and energy systems.A
new design control and monitoring system based on hierarchical key performance indicators will support the complex design collaboration process. Knowledge-based detailing templates will allow energy simulations already in the early design phase, and BIM-enabled interoperabil-ity grounded on a novel system ontology will provide for a seamless holistic design process with distributed experts, and a seamless integration of simulations in the virtual design office (energy performance, CO2, CFD, control system, energy system, climate change, user behaviour, con-struction, facility operation), thus extending it to a real virtual design lab.
eEmbedded Consortium Members
The eEmbedded consortium features a mix of 15 partners from 9 European countries, covering the whole knowledge transfer chain and all key areas of re-search and development relevant to the project goals. They represent 4 types of market segments:9 Software vendors; 4 End-users; 1 University & 1 Re-search Institute; & 1 BIM consultant.
Technische Universität Dresden – Institute of Contruction Informatics
Technische Universität Dresden – Institute of Power Engineering
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft e.V., Insti-tute IIS/EAS, Germany
NEMETSCHEK ALLPLAN SLOV-ENSKO SRO, Slovakia
Data Design System ASA, Norway
RIB Information Technologies AG, Germany
Jotne EPM Technology AS, Oslo, Norway
Granlund Oy, Finland
SOFiSTiK Hellas AE, Greece
iabi – Institute for Applied Building Informatics, Germany
Fr. Sauter AG, Switzerland
Obermeyer Planen + Beraten GmbH, Germany
Centro de Estudios de Materiales y control de Obra S.A., Spain
STRABAG AG, Austria
Koninklijke BAM Groep nv, Nether-lands
Workshop co-chair: HOLISTEEC: Holistic and Optimised Life-cycle Inte-grated Support for Energy-Efficient building design and Construction [www.holisteecproject.eu]”
The HOLISTEEC project aims at providing the European AEC/FM industry with a compre-hensive design approach taking into account the whole building life-cycle and the influence of the neighborhoods, with the objective to make a decisive contribution to built environ-ment energy efficiency improvement. By means of HOLISTEEC, all the actors involved in the building value chain including architects, designers, contractors, owners, component suppliers, users and related public authorities will be able to effectively interact in the differ-ent design, construction, operation, and maintenance phases of the building, ensuring that the best construction techniques are applied, possible problems and drawbacks early de-tected and correction strategies promptly applied, contributing to boost high quality new en-ergy efficient buildings design and construction. Despite recent evolutions of tools/practices in the Architecture Engineering, Construction and Facility Management have already result-ed in considerable advances, some limitations remain, related to the complexity and varia-bility of building life cycles, addressing building end user awareness and participation, lack of new business models, life cycle fragmentation, limited interoperability of the ICT sup-ports.
The main objective of HOLISTEEC is thus to design, develop, and demonstrate a BIM-based, on-the-cloud, collaborative building design software platform, featuring advanced design support for multi-criteria building optimization.
This platform will account for all physi-cal phenomena at the building-level, while also taking into account external, neighbourhood-level influences. The design of this platform will rely on actual, field feedback and related business models / processes, while enabling building design & construction practitioners to take their practices one step forward, for enhanced flexibility, effectiveness, and competi-tiveness. HOLISTEEC main assets are: (i) an innovative feedback /loop design workflow (ii) a multi-physical, multi-scale simulation engine; (iii) A unified data model for Building and Neighbourhood Digital Modeling (iv) a full-fledged open software infrastructure for building design tools interoperability leveraging available standards; (v) innovative and flexible user interfaces. HOLISTEEC is expected to have a direct impact at a marco level on the con-struction sector as a whole, through the following aspects: improved overall process effi-ciency, improved stakeholders collaboration and conflict resolution, lifecycle cost reduction, reduction of errors and reworks. These impacts will be quantitatively evaluated during the demonstration and validation phase of the project, where the proposed design methodology and tools will be extensively applied to four real construction projects, in parallel to standard design approaches.
The main objective of the project is to design, develop, and demonstrate a BIM-based, on-the-cloud, collaborative building design software platform, featuring advanced design sup-port for multi-criteria building optimization, taking into account external neighbourhood-level in-fluences. The HOLISTEEC platform and tool will be applied to real cases, namely four pilot pro-jects especially selected to demonstrate the new holistic approach in different contexts and ty-pologies of building projects, proving its potential for market replication.
D’Appolonia S.p.A., Italy
Koninklijke Bam Groep Nv, The Nether-lands
Acciona Infraestructuras, Spain
NEMETSCHEK ALLPLAN SLOVENSKO SRO, Slovakia
GDF Suez, France
S.T.I. Engineering S.r.l., Italy
Bergamo Tecnologie Sp z o.o., Poland
Cype Soft S.l., Spain
G.E.M. Team Solutions Gdbr, Germany
Geomod, sarl, France
Pich-Aguilera Arquitectos S.L.P., Spain
Centre Scientifique et Technique Du Bati-ment, France
Commissariat A L’energie Atomique Et Aux Energies Alternatives, France
Fundacion Tecnalia Research and Inno-vation, Spain
Technische Universitaet Dresden, Ger-many
Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus Vtt, Finland
INSTITUT FUR ANGEWANDTE BAUIN-FORMATIK EV-INSTITUTE FOR APPLIED BUILDING INFORMATICS IABI, Germany
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Workshop co-chair: STREAMER
STREAMER is an industry-driven collaborative research project on Energy-efficient Buildings (EeB) with cases of mixed-use healthcare districts. Such districts are the best real examples of neighbourhood with integrated energy system consisting of mixed building types (i.e. hospitals and clinics; offices and retails; laboratories and educational buildings; temporary care homes, rehabilitation and sport facilities).
The energy use of 1 healthcare district could exceed that of 20,000 dwellings. In almost every European city there is at least one healthcare district mak-ing a huge impact on the whole city’s energy performance.
STREAMER aims at 50% reduction of the energy use and carbon emission of new and retro-fitted buildings in healthcare districts. Healthcare-related buildings are among the top EU prior-ities since they play a key role for a sustainable community, but their energy use and carbon emission are among the highest of all building types. Take for instance a typical hospital build-ing that is part of the healthcare district. It uses 2.5 times more energy than an office.
In the EU, there are some 15,000 hospitals producing 250 million tonnes of carbon per annum. The EeB design complexity is extremely high; and therefore, both holistic and systemic ap-proaches are crucial. STREAMER will resolve this by optimising Semantics-driven Design methodologies with interoperable tools for Geo and Building Information Modelling (Semantic BIM and GIS) to validate the energy performance during the design stage. STREAMER will enable designers, contractors, clients and end-users to integrate EeB innovations for: 1) build-ing envelope and space layout; 2) medical, MEP and HVAC systems; and 3) building and neighbourhood energy grids.
Healthcare buildings and districts are among the top EU priorities for Energy-efficient Buildings (EeB) since they play a key factor for a sustainable community, but their en-ergy use and carbon emission are among the highest of all building types. A hospital –which is a part of a healthcare district– uses 2.5 times more energy than an office in average. There are some 15,000 hospitals in the EU responsible for at least 5% of the annual EU’s carbon emission (~ 250 million tonnes). Healthcare accounts for nearly 10% of EU’s GDP, and hospitals can take up to 60% of a country’s health expenditure (source: WHO and European Hospital and Healthcare Federation, 2012 statistics).
In order to cope with the energy, financial, political, societal and environmental crises, all healthcare districts in Europe are urgently seeking to substantially reduce their energy consumption and carbon emission by 30–50%. Therefore, they are planning new ener-gy-efficient building projects as well as energy-efficiency retrofitting of the existing buildings. At present and in the near future, clients, architects, technical designers, contractors, and end-users really need a breakthrough in designing energy-efficiency buildings integrated in the healthcare districts. STREAMER results will be validated in the 4 real projects involving the Implementers Communities. The outcome will be used to extend the standardisation in EeB design and operation, open BIM–GIS (IFC–CityGML), and Integrated Project Delivery (IPD).
RTD focusing on Semantic-driven Deasign methodology is geared to achieve real Eeb optimisation in three keys areas:
Area 1 Functional and technical optimisation of the spatial layout and the building envelope directly related to innovative services and building operations within the healthcare dis-tricts and surrounding areas.
Area 2 Cost-effective optimisation of the MEP and HVAC systems in the buildings, taking into account the inter-dependencies between medical equipment, building components and energy systems. STREAMER will solve the most crucial design failures that cause transmission / efficiency loss between equipment and buildings during operation, es-pecially when modern equipment is installed in existing building or energy systems. Optimisation will be done regarding the inter-connections between medical equipment and MEP/HVAC systems, through product modelling in relation with Building Infor-mation Modelling (BIM) and Geo Information Systems (GIS) as well as through pro-cess modelling to feed Building Management Systems (BMS).
Area 3 Optimal interaction between the building’s and neighbourhood’s energy systems in the healthcare district and surrounding areas (e.g. smart grid, smart use of district heating/cooling and energy generation).
In order to develop, demonstrate and validate the optimised design methodology the pro-ject and environmental context will be represented by
The design phase of new and ret-rofitted buildings in healthcare districts: focusing on the hospital buildings, and including all other types of buildings (i.e. policlinics, offices, research and educational facilities, and residential buildings) which are integrated in the healthcare district; and
The interac-tions between the healthcare districts and the surrounding neighbourhoods in the urban context: addressing the aspects of improved quality of healthcare services in the city; lo-gistic and traffic management in the surrounding areas; sustainable resources and waste management; and optimal health, comfort and safety of the urban environment.
Within the overall aim, there are a number of specific objectives that relate to the optimisation of en-ergy-efficient designs of new and retrofitted buildings in the healthcare district and design-ing new advanced tools. Therefore, STREAMER’s mainly focus is to reduce the energy use and carbon emission of healthcare districts in the EU by 50% in the next 10 years by enabling clients, architects, and technical designers, contractors, building operators and occupants to design new and retrofitted energy-efficient buildings integrated in the healthcare district energy systems using optimized Semantic-driven Design methods and interoperable tools for Building and Geo Information Modelling (BIM-GIS).
The STREAMER consists of 19 partners: 12 industrial partners (7 large companies + 5 SMEs + 1 non-profit private hospital), 4 research organisations, and 3 public bodies (hospital institutions). The STREAMER consortium is driven by the majority of industry partners and clients/users under the coordination of the research institutes with exten-sive experience and high reputation in managing large-scale EU research projects. This is the best possible composition of a research consortium than can guarantee the most effective practical impact (industry) through the most efficient collaborative effort (research).The STREAMER consortium is multidisciplinary with partners that have solid track records in implementing a broad range of technologies and services in all fields and types of energy-effcient buildings (EeB), including sustainable healthcare buildings and districts.
Ipostudio Architetti (IT)
Jong Gortemaker Algra (NL)
AEC3 LTD (UK)
Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie (DE)
DEMO Consultants (NL)
Bouygues Construction (FR)
NCC AB (SE)
Mostostal Warszawa S.A. (PL)
Stichting Rijnstate Ziekenhuis (NL)
Assistance Publique-Hopitauw de Par-is (FR)
The Rotherham NHS Foundation Trust (UK)
Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ca-reggi (IT)
Mazowiecka Agencja Energetyczna (PL)
Commisariat a l’Energie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (FR)
Centre Scientifique et Technique du Batiment (FR)
Locum AB (SE)