“Free Electrons” incubator launches 12 clean energy tech startups

Utility-led “Free Electrons” accelerator programme selects 12 innovative energy startups.

Opportunities for innovation in the energy sector have never been greater.

The changes the sector is undergoing with energy decentralisation and the ability of consumers to manage and automate their environment is opening up new prospects, especially for new entrants unconstrained by the day to day operations of a utility business…..

Perhaps one of the most significant of the innovation initiatives, certainly the most international, is named Free Electrons, which was launched earlier in January this year.

It involves eight major utilities, which have created a global accelerator programme for innovative energy-related startups.

These are AusNet Services and Origin Energy from Australia, Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, Electricity Supply Board of Ireland, Energias de Portugal, innogy from Germany, Singapore Power and Tokyo Electric Power Company.

Alongside them is a network of energy organisations worldwide, currently numbering 50.

The aim of the programme is to enable startups to further refine their products and services, with the potential of testing, developing and offering them into a global customer base of 73 million.

The utilities will offer expertise, resources and access to their respective customer bases in exchange for investment and partnership opportunities.

Indicative of the interest in the programme, the first announcement for participation resulted in 450 applications across 51 countries – and from these 12 startups have been selected.

So who are these companies at the pinnacle of innovation?…source: Engerati – Full article HERE.

What is flexibility, who is an Aggregator you ask? Let these 45 EU projects shine some light…

  • 1. REserviceS
  • 2. aDSM
  • 3. Hybrid-VPP4DSO
  • 4. IndustRE
  • 5. Flexiciency
  • 6. Market4RES
  • 7. eBadge
  • 8. FUSE-IT
  • 9. BestRES
  • 10. Best PATHS
  • 11. Electra
  • 12. EVA+
  • 13. Flex4Grid
  • 14. Future Flow
  • 15. Inspire Grid
  • 16. Integrid
  • 17. Migrate
  • 18. PROMOTioN
  • 19. Dareed
  • 20. Anyplace
  • 21. Discern
  • 22. ESTfeed
  • 23. EvolveDSO
  • 24. Grid+Storage
  • 25. IDE4L
  • 26. Smart Net
  • 27. Venteea
  • 28. Triangulum
  • 29. STORY (LCE-08)
  • 30. ELSA (LCE-08)
  • 31. EMPOWER (LCE-07)
  • 32. ENERGISE (LCE-07)
  • 33. FLEX4GRID (LCE-07)
  • 34. FLEXMETER (LCE-07)
  • 35. NAIADES (LCE-10)
  • 36. NETFFICIENT (LCE-08)
  • 37. NOBELGRID (LCE-07)
  • 38. Migrate (LCE-06)
  • 39. P2P SMARTEST (LCE-07)
  • 40. REALVALUE (LCE-08)
  • 41. SENSIBLE (LCE-08)
  • 42. SMARTER EMC2 (LCE-07)
  • 43. STORE & GO (LCE-09)
  • 44. TILOS (LCE-08)
  • 45. UPGRID (LCE-07)

European Coal Emissions Plunge 11% In 2016

European emissions from coal fell by an impressive 11% in 2016, according to analysis of new figures published by the European Commission this week.

At the end of March, the European Commission published preliminary 2016 data under the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). European non-profit think tank Sandbag analyzed the data, finding that total European Union (EU) ETS stationary emissions fell by 2.4% in 2016, from 1803 million tonnes in 2015 to 1759 million tonnes in 2016.

Additionally, Sandbag’s analysis found that the “aggressive fall in EU ETS emissions is because of falling power sector emissions.” Specifically, EU power sector emissions fell by 4% in 2016, thanks in part to a decrease of 11% in coal generation. Natural gas emissions climbed, offsetting somewhat the decline in coal, as the closure of numerous coal plants required natural gas to step into the gap.

Unfortunately, according to Sandbag, “The ETS carbon price did almost nothing: a €5/tonne carbon barely changed the relative coal-gas economics.”

Nevertheless, since 2010, overall power sector emissions have fallen by 19% due to massive clean energy investment, helping to see coal’s generation emissions fall by 16% over the same time.

Almost half of the fall in coal emissions during 2016 came due to plant closures in the UK, which itself saw a massive 58% year-on-year fall in coal emissions. Since 2010, the UK’s coal plant emissions have fallen by an impressive 71%, and according to Sandbag, “Nearly every UK coal power plant has seen its generation collapse, thanks to the UK’s carbon price floor – an £18/tonne top up to the EU ETS price.”

However, the UK wasn’t the only contributing factor, with big coal emissions decreases in Spain (27%), Greece (21%), and Italy (17%). Unfortunately, the two biggest polluters in the EU saw the smallest reductions. German coal plant emissions fell by only 4% in 2016, and Poland coal emissions only fell by a measly 1%. In fact, since 2010, coal emission decreases have been comparatively small — a decrease of only 5% for Germany and 7% for Poland. Source: CleanTechnica, full article HERE.

4 Factors That Could Affect a Solar Street Light Proposal

There are many different factors to consider when putting together a solar street light proposal. Not many people know all the considerations required, but here is a list of a few little-known factors that can make the specification process a little less stressful. With this information, you will be able to not only create a better specification, but ensure that solar is the right fit for your application.

 

1. Traffic Hours

What are the main traffic hours on the street? Does the traffic become minimal after a certain time? When does the traffic pick up again? If there is little to no traffic between 1 am and 5 am, and there are no safety concerns with lowering the wattage of the fixture to conserve energy, you can use adaptive lighting techniques. This can reduce the wattage of the fixtures during a certain period of time; therefore, reducing the size of the solar required to run the fixture all night. This can lower the overall project costs.

 

If traffic stays steady through the night, say on a main stretch of roadway, then adaptive lighting should not be used. Make sure to do a complete analysis on traffic patterns and usage of the area before looking for an option to illuminate. Adaptive lighting techniques are best used for rural or residential areas.

 

Martin County Grade Shaded Roadway

2. Shading

Is the main road covered by trees? Solar requires direct sunlight to charge the batteries that operate the fixture at night. By making sure the lights are not going to be installed under shade will prevent future operation issues. If the lights need to be mounted under a tree, the solar can be remotely mounted in a sunny area to keep the light pattern even. Other options include trimming of trees, installing light poles taller than the trees, or a combination of the two. 

 

Example Roadway Lighting with lighting plan

3. Lighting Level Requirements

What are the lighting requirements for the street? Is this a two or four lane street? Depending on the lighting requirements and width of the street can determine how many solar street lights are provided in the proposal. With aimed optics, a wider pattern is available in most applications and can reduce the overall number of fixtures needed. This can affect the overall project proposal cost including both the material and the installation.

 

Typical fixture spacing is around 100′, but depending on installation location and width of the roadway, this can vary greatly. Having a complete lighting analysis performed by an engineer using IES files and providing complete lighting layouts will show you exactly the amount of light provided by the systems. Make sure you have this analysis completed in the design phase so that the project scope can be narrowed down. 

 

4. Mounting Requirements

Are there specified mounting requirements such as wind loading or height of poles / fixture brackets? Making sure your solar is mounted to the appropriate pole can change many aspects of the proposal. Wind loading ratings are used in a variety of areas, especially those prone to large storms or hurricanes. Having a high wind load rating will provide a lasting light no matter what Mother Nature throws at you.

 

Mounting height restrictions are also taken into consideration. There are many areas where mounting height restrictions come into play. Since the solar must be mounted at the top of the pole, the fixture typically mounts a few feet below the solar. This means that if you have a restriction of 20′, the fixture will mount around 15-18′ above grade. Make sure there are no restrictions in your area when designing a system.

 

With all the parts of a solar street light proposal, making sure all aspects are covered will make sure you get the most accurate proposal available. Talk to your solar lighting professional and don’t be afraid to ask questions. The more information gathered on the project, the better the proposal will be completed. SOURCE: SEPCO, full article HERE.

Europe’s first large-scale battery factory hopes to emulate Tesla’s Gigafactory

Peter Carlsson worked as Tesla’s head of supply chain up to 2015 and has since co-founded Nordic energy firm Northvolt AB. The firm has today (7 March) received a €3.5m investment from InnoEnergy – the innovation hub for the European energy market – to support the development of Europe’s first large-scale battery factory. 

Carlsson has teamed with Northvolt’s chief operating officer and former Tesla executive Paolo Cerruti to develop blueprints for a $4bn factory to be built in the Nordic region. The factory will produce lithium-ion battery cells and has an anticipated final production capacity of 32GWh.In comparison, Tesla’s Gigafactory is expected to have a 35GWh capacity by the end of 2018, although the company is hoping to roll-out at least three more factories in the future.

“InnoEnergy is the gateway to the largest and most valuable innovation ecosystem in Europe,” Carlsson said. “The investment will support us in realising our vision of creating Europe’s largest scale battery cell production facility. But – more than that – InnoEnergy’s vast network has the power to support us for years to come.”

The batteries produced in the factory will be used to create battery cells for electric vehicles (EVs) and energy storage systems. The Nordic location was insisted on due to the easy access to necessary materials and metals and the availability and affordability of a renewable power supply – Sweden, for example, has slashed emissions by 54.5% since 1990.

‘Revolutionary’ benefits
InnoEnergy’s involvement will support Northvolt in enhancing supply chains, processing designs and implementing environmental and recycling plans on mooted sites. Specifically, the group will provide access to a pan-European network of support systems and companies, in order to attract further development to the project.

“The development of a European large scale battery factory will be revolutionary, especially in terms of electrification of transport – which in itself could drastically reduce Europe’s carbon footprint,” InnoEnergy’s chief executive Diego Pavia said. Full article available on EDIE is found HERE.

DESI: The Digital Economy and Society Index – European KPI framework

Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands have the most advanced digital economies in the EU followed by Luxembourg, Belgium, the UK and Ireland. Romania, Bulgaria, Greece and Italy have the lowest scores on the DESI.

In 2016, all Member States improved on the DESI. Slovakia and Slovenia progressed the most (more than 0.04 as opposed to an EU average of 0.028). On the other hand, there was low increase in Portugal, Latvia and Germany (below 0.02). INTERACTIVE CHART is available HERE.

Explore the DESI

DESI scores by dimension

1. Connectivity

The Connectivity dimension measures the deployment of broadband infrastructure and its quality. Access to fast broadband-enabled services is a necessary condition for competitiveness.

On Connectivity, the highest score in 2016 was registered by the Netherlands followed by Luxembourg and Belgium. Croatia, Bulgaria and Poland had the weakest performance regarding broadband infrastructure and take-up.

Fixed broadband is available to 98% of Europeans, and 76% of European homes can access high-speed broadband (at least 30 Mbps).

4G mobile networks cover on average 84% of the EU’s population (measured as the average of each mobile telecom operator’s coverage within each country). 74% of European homes subscribe to fixed broadband, and over one third of these connections are high-speed. The number of high-speed connections went up by 74% in two years.

2. Human Capital/Digital skills

The Human Capital dimension measures the skills needed to take advantage of the possibilities offered by a digital society. Such skills go from basic user skills that enable individuals to interact online and consume digital goods and services, to advanced skills that empower the workforce to take advantage of technology for enhanced productivity and economic growth.

In the Human Capital dimension, Denmark, Luxembourg Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands obtained the highest scores in 2016, and Romania, Bulgaria, Greece and Italy got the lowest ones.

79% of Europeans go online regularly (at least once per week), up by 3 percentage points compared with last year.

44% of Europeans still do not have basic digital skills.

The EU improved slightly in the number of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) graduates (19 graduates per 1000 people aged 20 to 29 years old in 2014, compared to 17 in 2012) and in the share of ICT specialists in the workforce (3.6 % in 2015 as opposed to 3.2 % in 2013).

3. Use of Internet by citizens

The Use of Internet dimension accounts for the variety of activities performed by citizens already online. Such activities range from consumption of online content (videos, music, games, etc.) to modern communication activities or online shopping and banking.

Regarding the Use of Internet in 2016, internet users are the most active in Denmark, Sweden, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. On this dimension, Romania, Bulgaria and Italy are at the bottom of the list.

The percentage of internet users that engage in various online activities, such as reading news online (70%), using the internet to perform video or audio calls (39%), using social networks (63%), shopping online (66%) or using online banking (59%) increased slightly over the last couple of years.

4. Integration of Digital Technology by businesses

The Integration of Digital Technology dimension measures the digitisation of businesses and their exploitation of the online sales channel. By adopting digital technology businesses can enhance efficiency, reduce costs and better engage customers, collaborators and business partners. Furthermore, the Internet as a sales outlet offers access to wider markets and potential for growth.

As for the Integration of technology in 2016, businesses are the most advanced in Denmark, Ireland and Finland, and the least developed in Romania, Poland and Bulgaria.

European businesses are increasingly adopting digital technologies, such as the use of a business software for electronic information sharing (from 26% in 2013 to 36% of enterprises in 2015), sending electronic invoices (from 11% in 2014 to 18% of enterprises in 2016) or using social media to engage with customers and partners (from 14% in 2013 to 20% of enterprises in 2016).

eCommerce by SMEs also grew slightly (from 15% in 2014 to 17% of SMEs in 2016). Nevertheless, less than half of these companies sell to another EU Member State.

5. Digital Public Services

The Digital Public Services dimension measures the digitisation of public services, focusing on eGovernment. Modernisation and digitisation of public services can lead to efficiency gains for the public administration, citizens and businesses alike as well as to the delivery of better services for the citizen.

European champions in Digital Public Services in 2016 are Estonia, Finland and the Netherlands, while Romania, Hungary and Croatia are lagging behind

The quality of European online public services slightly improved with an increase in the number of public services available online (online service completion score increased from 75 in 2014 to 82 in 2016). At the same time, the score measuring the reuse of user data already known to the public administration as a way of facilitating the delivery of online services remained stable.

As for the demand side, 34 % of internet users returned filled forms online to the public administration (i.e. have used online public services for more than just obtaining information), up from 27% three years ago.

MAS²TERING: Highlighting the groups collaborating on smart grid business convergence

The MAS²TERING Community consists of selected groups or individuals that contribute either directly or through similar topics surrounding prosumer community technologies, listed as follows:

  • ADVISORY GROUP – a group of smart grid experts for consulting ongoing results & ambitions.
  • CONSORTIUM PARTNERS – consists of nine project partners from five EU countries.
  • SISTER PROJECTS – are similar projects that have inspired or collaborate(d) with MAS²TERING.
  • ACTION CLUSTERS – are organizations & initiatives supporting Smart Grid Prosumer empowerment

MAS²TERING: Flexibility management demonstrated to show the need for the MAS platform solution

The MAS²TERING project can be sumarized as:

  • Impact
  • Methodology
    • Pillar 1 – Interoperability
    • Pillar 2 – Security and Reliability
    • Pillar 3 – Holonic Architecture & Distributed Optimization
    • Pillar 4 – Components for local and global distribution balancing for cost-effectiveness and enhanced grid resilience
    • Pillar 5 – Cooperative business models for cost-effective grid management and enhanced integration of telecom and energy infrastructures
  • Use Cases analysed
  • Workplan
    • WP 1 – Services, business models & requirements definition (R2M)
    • WP 2 – Technical requirements, ICT platform architecture design, integration and delivery  (TI)
    • WP 3 – Multi-agent systems and optimization  (CEA)
    • WP 4 – Design & development of cyber-security components for Smart Grids  (AirBus)
    • WP 5 – Design and Development of the MAS Components and Interfaces  (WIT)
    • WP 6 – Use cases and validation  (SMS)
    • WP 7 – Dissemination and exploitation  (R2M)
    • WP8 – Project management  (CEA)

The main concepts of flexibility management, enabling prosumer communities are demonstrated in this YouTube video by MAS²TERING:

<iframe width=”560″ height=”315″ src=”https://www.youtube.com/embed/7sA3tDz2MFU” frameborder=”0″ allowfullscreen></iframe>

Demand response: National Grid to help businesses save $3.6bn

National Grid’s new demand response programme claims to help business customers save thousands of dollars in electricity.

US electricity and natural gas delivery company National Grid has put into place the first demand response programme for its business customers offering them the chance to reduce their electricity bills and at the same time, make money. 

The utility, serving nearly 7m customers in New York, Massachusetts and Rhode Island, is incentivising energy business customers to become more energy efficient in their operations. 

The two-year pilot, launched in late January of this year, could see commercial participants receive up to $3,500 in incentives for reducing electricity consumption during peak consumption times. The energy savings made from this pilot is expected to power over 20,000 homes. Full article HERE.

InterFlex – exploring flexibilities, local interactions and smart connections in Europe

InterFlex aims to deploy smart grid technologies at industrial scale in five countries. As the custodians of the distribution system, the distribution system operators (DSOs) are impacted more than any other player by the move to a decentralized, consumer centric energy market model. Growing levels of intermittent renewables, new loads such as electric vehicles (EVs) and the rise of prosumers as both generators and suppliers are driving the DSOs to adopt a local approach to ensure the continuing supply of electricity and balancing of the network. 

Conceptually the new energy market model is relatively straightforward but implementing the model at the DSO level is another matter. In order to investigate the complexities and the technology requirements, the Nice Grid project was conceived as part of Europe’s largest smart grid project to date, Grid4EU. Specifically, the focus of the project, which was conducted in the Carros region of southeastern France, was on PV integration, islanding of an LV district, peak demand reduction and the involvement of prosumers.

With the completion of Nice Grid and in response to the next call for proposals for European Commission Horizon 2020 (H2020) funding, the French DSO Enedis has set up the InterFlex project. The aim of the three-year project, which was awarded €17.5m (out of a total project cost of €22.8m) from the H2020 programme, is to move the smart grid experience “from demonstration to industrialisation,” says Thomas Drizard, project manager at Enedis. Full article HERE.

Europe’s DSOs seek new ways to leverage big data value

The European Union and Norway are home to an estimated 2,400 distribution system operators (DSOs), according to industry association Eurelectric. Not all are operating in a new eco-system of on-site generation, storage and distributed generation but the move away from a central radial grid is likely to impact every player at some point. In European countries where DSOs collect and deliver smart meter data to transmission system operators and retailers, distribution companies can be forgiven for wanting to extract more value from their data. They have the capability to leverage two kinds of data – one from consumer consumption and the other from renewable generation, and the DSO is the first to see renewable production at a local level. Full article HERE.

Renewable generation assets – are utilities managing?

New white paper highlights how energy companies can streamline grid assets investment. The shift away from centralised power generation to distributed energy resources raises new complexity for utilities and independent power producers. One facet of this transformation is that utilities are less likely to undertake as many capital-intensive large-scale generation projects. But one factor that has been less considered is how utilities are managing a rise in overall generation assets. A new report from US market research company IDC Energy Insights states that “dozens if not hundreds of assets (usually renewables) will displace large centralised power generation assets that deliver hundreds of megawatts (MW) from a single generation asset. “This drives the need for investors to manage 10–30 times the number of energy investment lifecycle management projects in their portfolio.” The white paper titled ‘Investment Lifecycle Management: The Power Producer Digitization Imperative’ gives an example of the assets of one electric utility company. The CFO stated his group went from processing 15–20 investment assets a year, generating 250MW capacity, to 60–70 assets a year, generating 300MW capacity. Full article HERE.

Business case for installing and managing batteries at solar parks

A pioneering £1m battery storage system in Somerset will transfer power to the local electricity network after linking directly to a nearby 1.5MW solar park. The newly-opened Copley Wood facility is said to be the first of its kind in the UK; the 640KWh containerised system was shipped in from China and uses a lithium iron phosphate battery. Funded through Ofgem’s Network Innovation Allowance, the one-year scheme sees Western Power Distribution (WPD) partner with British Solar Renewables and the National Solar Centre. The project aims to demonstrate the technical and commercial feasibility of connecting a large battery storage facility with a local electricity network and a solar park – Higher Hill farm in Glastonbury.“One of the challenges facing the renewables sector is storing the energy generated so that it’s available when needed,” WPD’s innovation and low-carbon network engineer Jenny Woodruff said. Full article HERE.

EU backs N Ireland storage 

EU member states have approved a €90m grant for a compressed air energy storage project in Larne in Northern Ireland. The grant is part of €444m funding proposed by the European Commission for 18 European energy infrastructure schemes that was given the green light today by member states.Other projects gaining support include €40.25m for the 700km SuedLink in Germany, which will link wind power generated in the north to consumer centres in the south of the country.Another €40m will go to the Sincrogrid transmission project between Croatia and Slovenia. Full article HERE.

French Parliament approves electricity auto-consumption bill

The French Parliament has approved a draft law aimed at inciting electricity auto-consumption for households or companies generating electricity, usually from solar panels. The draft had been finalised by a joint committee, to set up a regulatory framework for auto-consumption.

The bill forces electricity grid operators to facilitate auto-consumption operations and to determine a specific tariff for grid use; since October 2016, electricity distribution company Enedis has been providing smart meters to residential solar PV installations and the bulk of new PV installations have opted for auto-consumption. The bill also includes details for collective auto-consumption (several users consuming the electricity from one installation, e.g. in a multi-dwelling building). Details for business users will be elaborated later. Secondary laws (application decrees) and tariff orders should follow in the next few weeks. Small auto-consumption installations may benefit from an €800/kWc investment premium (up to €2,400/kWc for installations of 3 kWc), to be paid over 5 yers. The surplus sale tariff will be cut to €6c/kWh.

More and more households choose to consume the electricity they produce and to sell their excess generation on the grid due to falling costs in solar panels (around €10,000-12,000, half of the costs level a few years ago), declining feed-in tariffs (€12-14c/kWh for small installations) and rising electricity tariffs (€16c/kWh, from €11c/kWh). SOURCE: Enerdata

 

Demand Response Management System Market – Detailed Study Analysis and Forecast by 2025

The integration of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) and Internet of Things (IoT) into the energy sector has been instrumental in automation along with real-time data processing. The electricity utilization patterns of consumers are also examined by service providers, which helps in enhancing energy efficiency by the participation of services providers and users cumulatively. Energy companies, therefore, undertake DRMS programs and encourage users to modify their utilization pattern during peak consumption hours so as to keep a balance between energy demand and supply and grid reliability. Demand response management system enables utilities to extend customized programs for customers and analyze real time and past performance of DR programs to assess their effectiveness.

In modern energy distribution systems, the roll out of smart grids has expanded the application of advanced metering infrastructure (AMI), enhanced automation in transmission and distribution system, strengthened customer energy management systems, and integration of renewable energy to regular grids. AMI meters extend direct load control capabilities to energy companies as Direct Response (DR) units have direct communication with AMI meters that controls thermostats and residential appliances for load reduction. Thus, the deployment of smart grid is one of the major factors driving the Demand Response Management System market. Although utilities and DRMS providers are largely targeting industrial and commercial customers, smart meters rolled out in several countries are presenting lucrative opportunities for rolling out residential DR programs. Full article: http://www.digitaljournal.com/pr/3241138#ixzz4Z56160h6

EnOcean Alliance, IBM to Standardize Intelligent Building Solutions for IoT

The EnOcean Alliance is a consortium of more than 400 companies that standardize and develop intelligent building solutions integrating energy harvesting wireless technology. Together, IBM and the EnOcean Alliance will bring sensors to the cloud and develop self-powered solutions as a standard for the Internet of Things (IoT). EnOcean-based sensors and devices operate large numbers of IoT devices efficiently and supply reliable data to IoT systems. Furthermore, the EnOcean Alliance offers the benefit of a broad, proven ecosystem of interoperable energy harvesting wireless sensor solutions, which are available for intelligent buildings worldwide. These solutions help optimize the utilization of buildings, create new service models and make buildings more flexible, more energy-efficient and altogether more cost-effective. Full article link: http://contractingbusiness.com/controls/enocean-alliance-ibm-standardize-intelligent-building-solutions-internet-things

SP2017 WS N°2: MAS2TERING organizes DCAI’17 session

as part of the 14th International Conference on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence (DCAI’17) a smart grid clustering workshop is being co-organized by participants of Fuse-it and MAS2TERING projects. 

This special session is motivated by the need for Europe to transition its energy markets into smart energy systems that support bi-directional flows of revenue, energy and information, the increased penetration of distributed energy resources (DER), and the self-consumption of on-site generation. Under this vision, the integration of energy, ICT services (monitoring, analysis, planning and adaptation) and security (growing exposure to cyber attacks) is at the heart of smart energy management systems, which will result in new dynamic interplay between the demand-side (intelligent buildings) and the supply side (smart grid).

In this context intelligent buildings have to tackle the challenges of smarter energy management, enhanced automation and connectivity. Facing environmental policies and cost-reduction objectives, building managers are asking for adequate solutions to predict, monitor, control, command, and optimize energy consumption, in the context of all the energy transactions and service provision opportunities. The trend toward smart building is enabled by the growing integration of Information Technology and Operational Technology. An unwanted consequence of this is the growing exposure to cyber-attacks.

AI is expected to play a key role in this new relationship between the smart buildings and the smart grid. This special session, therefore, aims to bring together researchers and practitioners from diverse areas of AI, distributed computing, intelligent decision making, smart management, communication and cybersecurity to explore new applications of AI techniques in the fields of the smart building and the smart grid.